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Fundamentals of Accounting

Fundamentals of Accounting

CMA Foundation - Paper 2 : Fundamentals of Accounting

 ICMAI has introduced this paper Fundamentals of Accounting at the CMA Foundation level where you learn about the fundamentals and elementary concepts of accounting 

Fundamentals of Accounting
Fundamentals of Financial Accounting
Paper 1
Accounting Policies,Valuation Principles and Estimate
Paper 3
Paper 4
June 2018
December 2018
June 2017
December 2017

More about Fundamentals of Accounting

What is Accounting? 
  • Accounting is basically an art of recording, classifying and summarising financial transactions of an organisation 
  • Accounting is universally applicable as it aids in decision making of every economic activity 
Why has ICMAI introduced this paper, Fundamentals of Accounting, at the CMA Foundation Level? 
  • Being a CMA aspirant, you should understand the fundamental and elementary concepts of Accounting 
  • You will develop the skill of understanding, classifying, recording and presenting financial statements at an elementary level 
  • This paper is divided into 2 Parts. In part 1, you will be gaining knowledge on Fundamentals of Accounting and in Part B, you will be learning Fundamentals of Cost Accounting 


What are the topics covered in Fundamentals of Accounting at the CMA Foundation Level? 

As said earlier, you will be learning the basic concepts of Accounting such as 

  • Accounting Principles, Capital and Revenue transactions  
  • Principles of Double entry system, Journal, Ledger, Trial Balance and how to reconcile the differences in financial statements 
  •   You will also be learning Accounting for Special Transactions in case of Bills of Exchange, Consignment, Joint Venture 
  • In relation to Fundamentals of Cost Accounting, you will be learning the Meaning, Definition and significance of Cost Accounting and its relationship with Financial Accounting & Management Accounting, how to classify cost and specimen formats of Cost Sheet 
What is the best approach to the study of Fundamentals of Accounting? 

Though this is a practical paper, it is equally important to have theoretical and conceptual knowledge of the subject.  

  • The best approach to study this subject is to first understand the concepts and then immediately solve practical questions. This way you will retain the concepts for a longer tenure 
  • Study Time: As per ICMAI rules and regulation, there should be at least 9 months of time gap from the time of registration to the time of giving exam. The reason behind this is, a student should do a thorough study of all the concepts. Therefore, it is always recommended to start immediately after registering to the course  
  • Study content:  There are many books which are available in the market as well as various books recommended by ICMAI. However, from the point of view of exam and to conceptually understand the entire syllabus, Study materials given by ICMAI is highly recommended. Cover the ICMAI syllabus in detail and don’t indulge in any selective coverage of syllabus 


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